reciprocating piston pump - the most common HPLC pump design which is available in single or multiple-piston arrangements forces mobile phase through the column on a forward piston stroke, and refills the cylinder with mobile phase on the recycle stroke.
See reciprocating piston pump.
recorder - electromechanical instrument which transforms the chromatographic signal into a graphical record.
reduced plate height (h) - Used to measure efficiencies of columns. An HPLC column with an h value 2 is considered to be well-packed, h = H/dp.
refractive index detector - HPLC detector which monitors the changes of the refractive index of the column effluent. The only universal detector in HPLC, and the less sensitive one.
See refractive index detector.