Chapter 4. INSTRUMENTATION

Contents

PUMPS
Constant-pressure pumps
Constant-flow pumps
Reciprocating piston pumps
Dual piston pumps
Syringe-type pumps
Pressure dampers
GRADIENT ELUTION
High-pressure mixing
Low-pressure mixing
Programming the mobile phase composition
Problems in pumping liquids
Degassing
Corrosion
INJECTORS
Automatic Injectors
MISCELLANEOUS HARDWARE
Column hardware
Connector tubing
Line Filters
Pressure Measurement
Column Thermostats
Fraction Collectors